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採集構樹皮 collecting paper mulberry tree
偉林先邀請我們到她家院子採集構樹,首先我們先找到一截樹枝並在樹幹上用刀片劃開一個破口,構樹皮就很容易被脫下了,攤平後再不斷的槌打它,使其接近布或紙的形狀。過程中需要定時的以水洗洗去樹皮氧化的黑色表面。但是這只是體驗,由於時間限制,抄紙部份是使用預先買好的紙團。
Win Lin Yang invited us to her house to collect paper mulberry tree. We cut off a piece of tree trunk, make a cut on its skin then the tree skin can be peel off easily. Place the skin on a stone or flat surface, make it into fabric/paper form by keep knocking it to extend the fibre length. Wash the surface from time to time to wash away the black part from the oxidation. However because of the limited time, we use the pre-processed paper mulberry pulp to make the hand sheet paper.


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手抄紙步驟 hand sheet papermaking steps
1. 將600克的構樹紙團在前一天先泡入水中吸水
Soak the 600 grams of dry paper mulberry pulp into the water over night.

dry paper chunks
dry paper chunks
split the dry paper pulp in the water into smaller pieces
split the dry paper pulp in the water into smaller pieces
put the paper chunks in water over night
put the paper chunks in water over night


2. 將前晚泡好的紙團倒入散漿機進行打漿,一公斤構樹紙漿約30分鐘(如在家中可嘗試使用果汁機進行此步驟)。紙漿在散漿機中不斷的隨水流循環,並被送入旋轉中的螺旋轉子持續的被打散。
Fill up the water in the pulper tank, and put the wet pulp into water and start the machine. The pulps keep being cycling in the water flow and beaten by the turning spiral rotor.


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3. 待散漿機進行攪拌約20分鐘後再把經過螺旋轉子的進水口縮小,迫使紙漿水流進入更小的攪拌空間,被打散成更細的纖維。最後將紙漿自打漿機底下出水口取出,用濾網或洗衣袋收集。
After 20 minutes we make the water gate smaller so the rotor beat the fibre into smaller fibre and we beat the fibre for 10 to 15 minutes more. Finally we collect the fibre at the bottom of the machine with filter or laundry bag.

by adjusting the weight we can decide how big is the water tunnel we want for the pulp current go through the spiral rotor
by adjusting the weight we can decide how big is the water tunnel we want for the pulp current go through the spiral rotor
the appearance of paper pulp stirred by the machine
the appearance of paper pulp stirred by the machine
collecting the final fibre from the bottom of the machine
collecting the final fibre from the bottom of the machine
closeup of the wet pulp
closeup of the wet pulp


4. 將塑膠淺盆裝滿水約5分滿,再加入樹糊粉,台灣的樹糊粉萃取自馬拉巴栗樹根(俗稱發財樹或美國花生)的汁液,作為造紙的助料 - 樹糊,樹糊加入水中,可幫助紙漿纖維均勻懸浮不易沉澱,造紙厚薄均勻。有些國家也有使用秋葵或蘆薈做樹糊。樹糊是造紙的助料,又稱做『懸浮劑』或『紙藥』。在調漿過程中,加入“紙藥”,使纖維在水中均勻懸浮,使抄出的紙張纖維分佈均勻,厚薄一致。它與利用植物膠有相同的化學成分,沒有毒性,用量極少,摸起來滑而不黏,聞起來沒有味道,將會漸進蒸發,沒有污染問題。然後將抄紙網放入水中將懸浮的紙漿平均固定於網上。
Malabar chestnut tree, commonly known as the "rich tree" or "American peanut". The sap extracted from the roots of the Malabar chestnut tree in Taiwan is used as an auxiliary material for papermaking-tree paste. The tree paste is added to water to help the pulp fibers to suspend evenly and not easily settle, and the thickness of the paper is even. Some countries also use okra or aloe to make tree paste. Tree paste is an auxiliary material for papermaking, also known as "suspending agent" or "paper medicine". In the pulping process, "paper medicine" is added to suspend the fibers evenly in the water, so that the paper fibers are distributed uniformly and the thickness is uniform. It has the same chemical composition as the use of vegetable glue, is non-toxic, uses very little amount, is slippery to the touch and not sticky, smells no taste, and will gradually evaporate without pollution problems. The auxiliary material for papermaking is also called "suspending agent" or "paper medicine". In the pulping process, "paper medicine" is added to suspend the fibers evenly in the water, so that the paper fibers are distributed uniformly and the thickness is uniform. It has the same chemical composition as the use of vegetable glue, is non-toxic, uses very little amount, is slippery to the touch and not sticky, smells no taste, and will gradually evaporate without pollution problems. Then we can put the paper making net into the water and collect the pulp, let the pulp forms the shape on top of the net.
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5. 待紙漿在抄紙網形成滿意的狀態後將抄紙網正面朝下,蓋在吸水紙上,並從背面用海棉將多餘水份吸乾,等到差不多半乾時就可以將網子和紙張分開,讓成品貼在吸水紙上自然晾乾,此時如要快乾一點的話可以用熨斗將成品燙乾。
After the wet pulp form a satisfying shape on the paper making net, we take the net out of water, put it upside down and cover it on top of the absorbent paper. Then absorb the extra water from the backside with sponge. When the paper gets dry enough, you can remove the net and leave the formed paper on the absorbent paper. Leave it there for completely dry. You may accelerate this process with iron.

可實驗項目,例如 parameters to play around:
1. 抄紙的動作形成的效果 the hand movement lead different results
2. 加入的材料形成的質感 innovate different textures by adding different materials during the hand sheet papermaking process
3. 染色(先染,後染) dyeing (apply dyeing before and after)
4. 厚薄 the thickness control
5. 後處理,表面塗層 after processing, surface coating
6. 水溫,打漿時間等步驟的調整 adjust water temperature, paper pulp beating duration

混合其他材料於手抄紙 mixing materials with paper pulp and tests

measure 100g of activated charcoal and carbon black
measure 100g of activated charcoal and carbon black
mix the charcoal in the container with pulp fibre
mix the charcoal in the container with pulp fibre
gather the black pulp on the paper making net
gather the black pulp on the paper making net
press the paper onto the absorbent paper to get rid of the water in the pulp
press the paper onto the absorbent paper to get rid of the water in the pulp
the dried pulp will stay on the absorbent paper and the net can be removed
the dried pulp will stay on the absorbent paper and the net can be removed
leave the final paper to dry
leave the final paper to dry
texture of activated charcoal paper before dry
texture of activated charcoal paper before dry
its difficult to remove the pulp mixed with charcoal from the net
its difficult to remove the pulp mixed with charcoal from the net

以電表測量活性碳手抄紙3-8k歐姆公分,碳黑手抄紙 50-300歐姆公分。電阻值變動來自於手抄紙不均的厚度。
activated charcoal paper pulp = 3 - 8 k ohm-cm, carbon black paper pulp = 50 - 300 ohm-cm, the range comes from the uneven thickness.

hand sheet paper mixed with kombucha by Wei Lin Yang
hand sheet paper mixed with kombucha by Wei Lin Yang


缺點 cons
混合了活性碳粉和碳黑的紙層容易散解,必需於上下方再抄一層紙來固定成品,這方面還有待實驗。
The carbon black and activated charcoal causes the loosing structure, there should be another two pulp layers to sandwitch the carbon pulp layer in between to tighten the structure. Yet we haven't test it out.

materials

  1. 白色楮皮乾紙漿600g paper mulberry pulp 600g
  2. 活性碳 activated charcoal
  3. 碳黑 carbon black
  4. 樹糊粉1包
  5. 吸水紙多多益善
  6. 熨斗 iron
  7. 手抄網 paper making net
  8. 吸水海綿 sponge





Page last modified on 星期三 十月 28, 2020 20:55:02 CST